Immigration has become a buzzword in the recent weeks. No one, however, is talking about the inverse – emigration, more specifically, the brain-drain. Africa, amongst other developing nations, is losing its doctors, engineers, professors and other skilled professionals to its detriment. The reasons for this drain is literally a no brainer. Political instability is one factor but then there is the attraction of higher pay and better opportunities in the West. 1 in 9 Africans with a tertiary education are living in Europe, North America and elsewhere.
Burundi, Algeria, Mauritania, Chad and Guinea are the top countries unable to retain their top talents. This can be particularly devastating in times of medical crisis, like Ebola. Every year up to 40% of the estimated 600 Kenyan graduate doctors leave after their internship. Where are they heading? South Africa is a top destination.
The global local village we live in today requires us to look at immigration from both perspectives – emigration and immigration. At best there should be a mutually beneficial ‘exchange’. One side of the world shouldn’t suffer whilst the other thrives.
Mocca Mums, what could be done to retain talent or regain it after a period of time away?